The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped endocrine gland situated at the base of neck which produces thyroid hormones. Thyroid gland uses iodine from food we eat to produce 2 hormones T3 and T4.he hypothalamus and pituitary gland in brain communicates and maintain a balance between thyroid hormones .the pituitary gland secretes a hormone thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)which acts on thyroid gland and produces T3 and T4. To maintain basic metabolism of body it is important that T3 and T4 levels are not too high not too low. When T3 and T4 levels are low in the blood, the pituitary gland releases more TSH to tell the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormones. If T3 and T4 levels are high, the pituitary gland releases less TSH to the thyroid gland to slow production of these hormones.

Most common types
• Hypothyroidism
A condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones.
• Hyperthyroidism
The overproduction of a hormone by the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).
• Thyroid nodules
A lump in the thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck
• Goiter
Abnormal enlargement of the butterfly-shaped gland below the Adam’s apple (thyroid).
T3 and T4 hormones travel in our bloodstream and regulate the speed with which the cells of different organs work.
Various symptoms associated with hypothyroidism are
• Unexplained weight gain
• Tiredness and fatigue
• Dryness in skin and hair
• Sensitivity to cold temperature
• Body aches and joints pain
• Menstrual irregularity
• Chronic constipation
Various symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism are
• Weight loss
• Extreme fatigue and tiredness
• Depression
• Anxiety and irritability
• Mood swings
• Hand trembling
• Hair loss
The conventional treatment suggests taking lifetime treatment with daily dose of thyroid hormone. The dosage is decided according to the blood reports of an individual which is adjusted high or low with age and time. Even after taking this medicine there is not much symptomatic relief .There is no permanent cure to thyroid disorder except surgery and therefore dependent on thyroid tablet for rest of life whereas Homeopathy offers permanent solution to this thyroid disorder. Homeopathy works at the root cause of the illness and helps to restore the functioning of thyroid gland with symptomatic relief to the patient.